Where does gold come from? – David Lunney


In medieval times, alchemists tried to achieve
the seemingly impossible. They wanted to transform lowly lead
into gleaming gold. History portrays these people
as aged eccentrics, but if only they’d known that their
dreams were actually achievable. Indeed, today we can
manufacture gold on Earth thanks to modern inventions that those medieval alchemists
missed by a few centuries. But to understand how this precious metal became embedded
in our planet to start with, we have to gaze upwards at the stars. Gold is extraterrestrial. Instead of arising
from the planet’s rocky crust, it was actually cooked up in space and is present on Earth
because of cataclysmic stellar explosions called supernovae. Stars are mostly made up of hydrogen,
the simplest and lightest element. The enormous gravitational pressure
of so much material compresses and triggers nuclear fusion
in the star’s core. This process releases energy
from the hydrogen, making the star shine. Over many millions of years, fusion transforms hydrogen
into heavier elements: helium, carbon, and oxygen, burning subsequent elements faster
and faster to reach iron and nickel. However, at that point nuclear fusion
no longer releases enough energy, and the pressure from the core peters out. The outer layers collapse into the center, and bouncing back from this sudden
injection of energy, the star explodes forming a supernova. The extreme pressure
of a collapsing star is so high, that subatomic protons and electrons
are forced together in the core, forming neutrons. Neutrons have no repelling electric charge so they’re easily captured
by the iron group elements. Multiple neutron captures enable
the formation of heavier elements that a star under
normal circumstances can’t form, from silver to gold, past lead and on to uranium. In extreme contrast to the million year
transformation of hydrogen to helium, the creation of the heaviest
elements in a supernova takes place in only seconds. But what becomes of the gold
after the explosion? The expanding supernova shockwave
propels its elemental debris through the interstellar medium, triggering a swirling dance
of gas and dust that condenses into new stars and planets. Earth’s gold was likely delivered this way before being kneaded into veins
by geothermal activity. Billions of years later, we now extract
this precious product by mining it, an expensive process that’s compounded
by gold’s rarity. In fact, all of the gold
that we’ve mined in history could be piled into
just three Olympic-size swimming pools, although this represents a lot of mass because gold is about 20 times
denser than water. So, can we produce more
of this coveted commodity? Actually, yes. Using particle accelerators, we can mimic
the complex nuclear reactions that create gold in stars. But these machines can only construct gold
atom by atom. So it would take almost the age
of the universe to produce one gram at a cost vastly exceeding
the current value of gold. So that’s not a very good solution. But if we were to reach
a hypothetical point where we’d mined
all of the Earth’s buried gold, there are other places we could look. The ocean holds an estimated
20 million tons of dissolved gold but at extremely miniscule concentrations
making its recovery too costly at present. Perhaps one day, we’ll see gold rushes
to tap the mineral wealth of the other planets of our solar system. And who knows? Maybe some future supernova
will occur close enough to shower us with its treasure and hopefully not eradicate
all life on Earth in the process.

100 thoughts on “Where does gold come from? – David Lunney

  1. I think everything they say how gold is created. It's an assumption. No one was alive when it was created. Most science is based in probability Theory. Which means they are taking their best guess. Another thing God created a terrarium for us to live in. You are not leaving it, out into space and he is not letting us dig out the bottom. Fact. Everything NASA puts out is a lie. They promote evolution not creation. Also the word NASA comes from Hebrew word Nasha which means, to deceive or to deceive greatly. Look it up. I'm not talkin about the acronym.

  2. well.. if we DO get showered again (apart from spectacular headaches some might get on that golden rainy day) the value of gold will drop… as more has become available.

  3. No, gold comes Earth, that’s why the Annunaki came here searching for it. We have an abundance of it. And Mother Earth will continue to make more of it. It’s not caused by no supernovae. All theories and stories you have here. Most of the gold are found by river beds or certain conditions that can produce it on the earth. That’s why there are scientists that can help identify locations that are most likely to have it.

  4. Remember that our true wealth is our environment as a whole and our bodies, individially. Imagine a time where you get to exchange your gold to buy an air to breathe. Smh

  5. Everything that scientist do not know or
    unable to explain, happens millions of years ago.
    This is very strange scientific reasoning.

  6. Another source says that it’s the collision of two dead stars and that forms gold, platinum and other precious metals

  7. The real question is….how did early civilization come to find gold ?  I could understand finding nuggets among other rocks but generally that's in stream beds….so what would have motivated anybody from an early civilization to be dipping in to a stream much less getting under water to mess with rocks in the stream bed ?    But considering, if you had to mine gold from gold bearing ore….what inspired that ? Among all the things associated with day to day life and trying to survive and eat or gather enough food to eat for yourself and people……what would inspire you to take up digging for gold ore or even conceive that thought, much less be diving into a stream to sift through rocks and sediment in a stream bed.   Those are the real questions to ponder……it doesn't make any sense…….but yet there are all these gold artifacts associated with these early civilizations.  I think it would be more plausible that they came upon already refined gold in a big pile or cache and wondered what it was and started to play with it….somebody had left it for them to discover……there wasn't some ingenuity involved by the early civilization where they happenstance discovered it in its natural form in its natural source in the environment at large…….somebody left it on their doorstep…shiny and heavy but yet pliable as I could see somebody considering its heft and beating on something else to discover that its not super hard and deforms…..due to its pliability and that would lead to working the metal into shapes and more

  8. If you look at US texas and indian movies during cowboy era, gold was hand picked from rivers and lands. There was loads of it all over. How could have it come here and people still living around those days?

  9. Thats whats your told instead of finding out for yourself you people assume what we are told and it is not even close to where it came from and you cant handle the truth i know for a fact that humans have micro amounts of gold in our blood is it not funny that there are gold veins and the bible tells us about giants that was miles tall lets see

  10. Logically Gold is just another element which caused a lot of death and destruction and Unnecessary greed among humans.It even doesn't have a bigger experimental value. The cruelty is it's still ruling over all other science and technological development.

  11. I didn't know elements and metals evolve! Wtf silver evolved to gold. Why didn't they teach us this way at school?!

  12. It's really to bad that people don't realize that this is just a hypothesis! If you don't know what hypothesis means Google it.

  13. Gold is kind of a useless metal. It's not a very good catalyst; usually you'd want to use the other platinum group metals (and several of them are abundant in so called nuclear waste). It's corosion resistant, but so are the other platinum group metals; iridium is even more corrosion resistant and even capable of withstanding hot aqua regia, with much better mechanical properties. Gold makes sense as a plating for contacts in a micron thin layer and it makes sense on a very small scale in the lab for various coatings and work surfaces. The main use of gold is to dig it out of a whole, form it into bricks, put those bricks down another hole and put guards around it. It's hard to imagine gold being more expensive than silver (a very useful metal) without this stupidity.

  14. And how do you intend to validate what you've just said? Has anyone seen the supernova occur before? If nobody has seen it before, then don't say such things and preach it as if it is bible truth.

  15. Gold is actually abundant in the known universe.

    Bitcoin is mathematically scarce and probably limited.

    Bitcoin is the new gold.

  16. How can they condense back to stars and planets?? I understand planets but all the hydrogen is already used up right? So how can they create new stars.

  17. We now know that two neutron stars must collide to make gold. https://www.zmescience.com/science/gravitational-waves-gold-origin-17102017/

  18. Something is missing in this explanation… an element is determined by the number of PROTONS in its nucleus. Acquiring more neutrons only makes an element a heavier ISOTOPE of the same element. So how do the extra neutrons acquired by the nucleus turn into protons to become gold?

  19. Why would it skip from gold to uranium? There’s many elements in between. Thorium, Bismuth, Platinum and a few others are between Gold and Uranium, right?

  20. “And We also sent down iron in which there lies great force and which has many uses for mankind…” (Quran 57:25)

  21. Gold is from the gold goddess who lives in heaven and catches rays of sunlight in her teeth, chews them for eight million years, then spits them out into the sun whence they fall to earth.
    True

  22. The new digital world will be just like the current analog world. One real money and many, many, many currencies. In other words Bitcoin will be to all other digital currencies as Gold is to all other fiat currencies. The irony right now is that the major US online Gold dealers will SELL you Gold for Bitcoin or Dollars but they will only BUY your Gold for Dollars. What does that tell you? It tells me they are getting rid of the bad currency and keeping the good money for themselves.

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  23. This guy is a f**** up liar! What's the value of gold? For its uses? You can use spray paint be shiny. Heavy elements by the weigh. Yes it collect conducts electricity. Fort Knox has 1000000 size Olympic pools full of gold stored there. So if it had value why would they store it?

  24. We have more precious things than gold that is we breath easily and oxygen availability I think without this I can't even type

  25. New knowledge for me. So what I see is what makes value of gold or money or stock or investment is OUR COMMON BELIEFS SYSTEMS it doesn't mean anything while we are nomadic and hunters like thousands ago.

  26. Wait a minute, if it was rained down on us it would be scattered. Pooled into streams I can see. But HOW is it buried in miles of veins throughout SPECIFIC geographical locations? How could it have formed this way if the particles were fallen through dust from from space?

  27. Imagine if our ancestors actually new the astronomical source of something already deemed so precious even today. It would blow them away!

  28. This is another excellent video explaining the geochemical and cosmological process involved in creating gold the precious metal

  29. We modern, scientific, intelligent, conceited humans need to pay a little more attention to the so called mythologies and pagan/heathen literature…
    "Gold is the sweat of the Sun" — Inca
    "Gold is combination of water (H2O) and sunlight" –Greek
    "Sun God gifted King Satrajeet with Samantak Mani that laid 8 tolas of gold everyday" — a story from Mahabharat
    We burnt Inca/Aztek/Mayan libraries, library in Alexandria, Nalanda library, massacred celtic druids, etc..
    No wonder we are a species with amnesia. We are condemned to reinvent wheels/rediscover knowledge every few millenia.

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