Arab Slave Trade in Africa

In 1842CE, the British Consul General in Morocco
wrote a letter to the Sultan to ask him if he had taken any measures to stop slavery
or at least, slave trade. The sultan replied that he will not do anything
about it because it has been the norm since the time of the sons of Adam and no sects
of Islam are against it. Hence, he will not permit anything the Qur’an
forbids and will not make unlawful anything that the Qur’an has allowed. In the Sultan’s reply, we see the simplest
justification or at least, excuse, for almost 1300 years of slavery in the Islamic world. This video is part of a bigger collaboration
between various YouTube History channels on the topic of Africa. Don’t forget to watch the video before this
one by Stefan Milo on the Swahili Culture. First of all, I’ve chosen to call this trade
the Arab Slave Trade because Arabs were a key part of this network. Arabs weren’t the only people involved in
this trade but still, most of the rulers and raiders involved in the process were Arabs. Most of the important markets were in Arab
cities as well. I didn’t call it the East African Slave
Trade because it wasn’t just done through East Africa. Other routes were involved as well. Slavery was already practiced in Arabia and
most of the Areas that Muslims conquered in the 7th and 8th centuries. Islam did not abolish slavery but some regulations
were set which were increased upon by the caliphs. There were four ways someone could end up
a slave. First, a child born to slave parents was a
slave. Second, a person captured in a Jihad against
non-Muslims could be made a slave. Third, a slave could be purchased or finally,
a slave could be given as a tribute. The people living under Islamic rule, Muslim
or non-Muslim, could not be enslaved unless they rebelled or they helped an enemy of the
state. Bernard Lewis writes… In the Islamic world, various ethnicities
were enslaved, not just people of African descent. In fact, they were all considered to have
their own advantages. Ibn Butlan, in his handbook, tries to characterize
them. He recommends Indians and Nubians as guards
of persons and property. As laborers, servants, and eunuchs, he recommends
Zanj and as soldiers, Turks and Slavs. Yes, even white people were enslaved. However, there was a distinction between then. The white slaves were called “Mamluk”
or “Owned” and the black slaves were called “Abd” which means, “Slave”. Where white slaves could rise up to respectable
positions, the black slaves could not. The Mamluks had their own dynasties in Egypt
and India but the Abd slaves never did. In fact, even in literature or poetry, we
hardly find an example of a black man, slave or otherwise, after the Umayyads. Even free black people weren’t all treated
fairly across the Muslim world but as always, there were exceptions. An early chronicler, Jahshiyari writes an
anecdote about a man called Abd al-Hamid, who was apparently the secretary of the last
Umayyad caliph. The story goes that the caliph had received
a gift of a black slave from a provincial governor. The caliph was unhappy with him and told his
secretary to write a letter of gratitude and disparagement. Abd al-Hamid wrote, “Had you been able to
find a smaller number than one and a worse color than black, you would have sent that
as a gift.” This story, along with many others, show that
the Arabs didn’t view African slaves particularly nicely and preferred other ethnicities if
they could get them. Even in the times of Prophet Muhammad, Byzantine
and Persian slaves were found in Arabia. Africans were just one of various slaves available. However, over time, the number of black slaves
in Africa grew disproportionately. Main reason for that was the stabilization
of the frontiers. Turks and Indians started to embrace Islam
and so, not many of them could be enslaved and as Jihad slowed down after the 8th century,
so did the number of non-white slaves. Mostly against Byzantine and other European
states, captured prisoners were ransomed or exchanged. While, it’s easy to say that the distinguishing
factor between slaves and non-slaves was religion and not race, that’s not all that true. The ruler of Bornu, for example, complained
in a letter to the Sultan in Egypt about how the slave traders were ravaging Bornu and
enslaving freemen, even members of the ruler’s family, and Muslims. While it was forbidden to enslave Muslims,
in practice, if you were a Black Muslim, you could be enslaved. Very early on, the Muslims signed a treaty
with Nubia where Nubia would provide slaves in exchange for peace. This was probably the reason that Nubia was
not taken over by the Muslim for quite a while. However, conquests across the Sahara opened
trade routes across the African continent and among the things transported across these
routes were religion, ideas and unfortunately, slaves. Muslim Arabs bought slaves from these routes
all across Norther Africa and brought them back into the Islamic heartland. This started almost right after the conquests
and the subsequence stabilization of the frontiers. The Coast of the Zanj, modern Kenya and Tanzania,
was used by the Arabs to bring slaves to Yemen and from there, Oman and the Persian Gulf
and cities like Basra and Baghdad is where, they were sold to the Muslims. Somalis before they were Islamized were a
large number of slaves imported, and later interior peoples were exported as slaves from
the Somali coast across into the Yemen and from there, via Mecca, Damascus and Baghdad. In Mesopotamia, a large number of Zanj slaves
were used in thousands of plantations and saltpeter mines. Apparently, the working conditions were so
terrible that they revolted numerous times between 868CE and 883CE and became a serious
threat to the Abbasid Caliphate. This went on for centuries and became a system
but it wasn’t as severe as it later grew into. At the time, various African tribes raided
each other and enslaved the prisoners, selling them on the frontiers of the Islamic Empire. From here, Arabs took over and took these
slaves inland, not only to be sold in their borders but also, in India and across the
Mediterranean. Unfortunately, the holiest site in the Islamic
world, Mecca became a bustling market for slave trading. People bought slaves in this market when they
visited for Hajj, the Islamic Pilgrimage. Slaves were brought there as a commodity which
could be sold to get some cash. They were easier to protect than any other
precious commodity in a huge caravan so, people brought them along. People also bought them in Mecca since people
from all over the world would gather there. All the way up to 1962CE, slaves were being
sold in Mecca. In “The Legacy of Arab-Islam In Africa”,
John Alembillah Azumah writes the following The main areas from which slaves were drawn
and exported to Egypt and other North African Muslim locations and then to the wider Islamic
world were the central and western Sudan. The traffic started mainly from Nubia, from
where people living to the south and east of Dongola were taken to Egypt. Slaves were exported also from Kanem-Borno
via Fezzan to Cairo, Tripoli and Qayrawan. People groups living around the Lake Chad
area were later exported along this route while in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries
Bagirmi slaves (especially eunuchs) formed an important part of the slave traffic along
this route. Some were sent later from Tripoli to ports
in modern Turkey, Greece, Albania and southern Yugoslavia which were all at the time under
the Ottoman empire. Slaves from the Middle Niger and the Atlantic
coast were also drawn from Gao via Warghla to Tahert (in modern Algeria) and Qayrawan
and later from Timbuktu through Tuwat to Tlemcen, Sijilmasa, Fez and other centres of the western
Maghrib from where some passed into Muslim Spain and Sicily when it was under Muslim
domination between the ninth and eleventh centuries. Ibn Khaldun testifies to the presence of a
large black slave population in fourteenth-century North Africa when he wrote that blacks constituted
‘the ordinary mass of slaves’. Muslim Berber groups of North Africa like
the Tuareg and Moors became the chief agents in the raiding, and in the traffic of black
slaves to North Africa, Spain, Turkey and the Mediterranean world, some of whom were
taken as far as India. As early as the eighth century, the Berber
Ibadi community of North Africa virtually controlled the trade routes, and thus the
traffic in black slaves. [Quotation from the book ends here] Considering the terrible conditions on these
routes and the increasingly predatory nature of the slave raids, one historian estimates
that for every slave that was sold in a market, 10 had died on the way there. These raids were often labeled Jihad by the
raiders to legitimize them. Neither the Muslim raiders nor the buyers
of slaves really cared about who the slaves were and where they came from. The Swahili coast became a bustling hub of
slave trading. A network was established across the Indian
Ocean and the Persian Gulf. In the 18th and 19th century, when Ivory trade
was on the rise, these slaves were also forced to carry Ivory and other precious commodities
on their way to the markets by raiders. It was during those centuries that the slave
trade reached its peak. From around 1800CE to 1850CE, most European
countries abolished slavery and the slave trade started to die on the western side. However, on the east, it was picking up further. The British did try to have countries abolish
it but it didn’t work. Not only did it not work, it probably had
the opposite effect. As colonization was taking place, a lot of
these countries exported slaves. Muslim Bornu, for example, entered into a
trade deal with the Ottoman Empire to provide them slaves. Muslim Africa ravaged the continent and raided
deep into it. The stories of those raids are disturbing,
to say the least. Most Muslim rulers of the region were interested
in slavery because it was profitable. There weren’t many advocating for abolition,
even though, in Europe, slavery had mostly died out. The British could not force the rulers to
do away with slavery. However, by the end of the 19th century, Africa
was almost entirely colonized by the British and slave trade was put to an end. Muslim states of the middle east were breaking
into chaos, the Ottoman Empire was the sick man of Europe. The Europeans were isolating countries that
still practiced slavery. All these factors combined put a slow end
to slave trading by 1950. It was outlawed in Saudi Arabia in 1962CE. However, slavery, in some forms, is still
practiced in various Muslim and African countries. From 1450CE to 1850CE, an estimated 12 million
African slaves were taken from Africa to the Americas. In around the same period, 5 million African
slaves were traded by the Muslims. However, the Islamic trade existed for a much
larger period than the European one and the total number of slaves traded from 600CE to
1900CE is around 17 million. Thank you for watching this video. This video was just an overview of the Arab
Slave Trade. More videos will follow. As I said before, it’s part of a huge collaboration
between many YouTube History Channels on Africa so, don’t forget to see the video after
it, about the Great Zimbabwe by History Time. See you next time.

100 thoughts on “Arab Slave Trade in Africa

  1. I’m Muslim by Gods permission and May he forgive me for saying this but I have experienced racism by Arabs even in the masjid!! Even in gods religion racism is still prevalent . You think I’m lying try to marry a Arabian woman in the masjid….. wish you the best

  2. Arabs and most Muslim people still do slave business till today,I was a living witness in Libya Gatron,a bother town in Libya,I was sold but I escaped,many of my friends were killed.

  3. Somalis were indeed enslaved too in a minority and it's barely talked about. Before the islamisation of Somalia they were enslaved by Ethiopians and sold at the east African coast frequently.

  4. None of this makes sense, so all these ppl were called slaves and the Arabs didn’t like the Africans but the Ethiopian slave that the prophet freed was his best friend? I’m calling bullsh** on all this. You guys watch some videos for an hour and start to believe you can do your own history video. This isn’t history it’s REVISIONISM

  5. Funny how Muhammad freed the first black Muslim who was a slave but it is like after Muhammad his death his words where ignored for power
    And Arab have more African blood in them than any other non black person in the world

  6. the burden of egypt in the bible speaks of the muslim/arab slave trade Isiah 19:1 the arab is the cruel master put in place to judge the hamitic/egyptian women(women were equal to men in ancient egypt) for enslaving the hebrews back in egypt. the muslims are very cruel to blacks but they do treat them as humans. castration happened Mostly only to non muslim blacks but black women womb was preserved in the middle east thats why some have interesting negro features. be patient stay strong and god will punish the european for dehumanizing blacks and most importantly native americans.

  7. It's ok, even though the WHOLE world hated my people ( for no reason might i add) ik, there is a Lord up there that is most JUST and Will reconcile us in the hereafter.. for this world is mearly Dust and means Nothing in the long run.. but the next life is forever… So For all the torture that we went threw, and continue to go threw ik My Lord ( Allah swa) got something special for us.. so you can have this world alhumdudillah our reward is in the hereafter. 😁😊…

    The Hadeef of the Prophet (p&bbuh) about the people that will walk into Jananah (heaven) with out any accountability comes to mind 🤔, but Allah knows best.

    Salaam to all my Muslim brothers and sisters may Allah bless you all and forgive us all for our sins and shortcoming, and may he forgive the Muslims in the past from Adam (as) – to the last Muslims to ever walk the face of this earth.. Ameen

  8. You are mixing between Islam and arab culture , or Christianity and imperial powers at the time , I suggest that you investigate the matter more please , peace

  9. The sad thing is that millions of black Africans are still enslaved across the arab islamic world yet nobody seems to care or try and put a stop to it.

  10. It is a good thing to free slaves and seek their freedom. But their is Justice in Islamic slavery. This is not the slavery of America where they beat and raped. This is against islam. A man that beats a slave the repentance is to free the slave. The slavery was not based on race. Their is nothing wrong with slavery in this way because it is closer to the definition of indentured servitude. And this indentured servitude is better then killing the enemy in a war. Another distinction should be made between history and what is actually islamically allowed

  11. The Sultan of Oman has many slaves, they are cared for and educated by his court, they can't marry or engage in other social contracts without the hand written permission of their owner, the sultan. Their children are automatically slaves to the sultan. The majority of them are of African descent.

  12. There's an Arabian Slave trade video (by Al M.) that basically has the same Moroccan statement to the Portuguese – saying they were Muslim??

  13. This video makes me hate arabs but the funny thing is most of the "arab" slave traders were actually black men of arab ancestry. Google tippu tip the nigga is dark as fuck with a big apple nose and dark black skin yet he is described as an "arab with a upside down banana nose.

  14. 1st of all as an East African, I would like you to know, you light skin Arabs are offsprings of Somalis not the other way round.

  15. You are mixing the periods before and after Islam. Though slavery (of whites or blacks) is unfortunate.
    Islam has time and time again encouraged freeing slaves from day one.

  16. We Berbers dominated the Barbary slave trade under the Hafsid empire before the Ottomans came, it was even so worse the Europeans declared a crusade against us the Barbary crusade.

  17. Lets not forget that the original Arabs were african or africoid to begin with, people like to turn this into a race thing when in reality it was a business, hence the different type of slaves from different backgrounds.

  18. Somalis didn't get slaved or slave people they freed slaves from the arabs
    The source:
    Yusuf was born in the town of Afgooye, where he stayed until the age of seven. His father subsequently sent him to Qur'anic schools in Barawa for studies.
    Ahmed Yusuf was considered to be the most powerful king in east Africa in his time. He managed to gather 20 thousand Somali troops and invaded the Zanzibar island near Tanzania and he captured the Islands, slaughtered all the Arabic troops and freed the Bantu slaves and through his military dominance, Sultan Yusuf managed to exact tribute from the Omani king in the coastal town of Lamu.[1]
    He and his brother, Abukar Yusuf, were eventually defeated in the Battle of Cagaaran against the powerful military clan of the Bimal. Their bodies were taken to Merca by the Bimal sultan, where they were then displayed in front of a large crowd as a show of triumph. Upon seeing the bodies of the dead men, the women of the Bimal reportedly marvelled at the beauty of Ahmed Yusuf, which resulted in a public uproar with women demanding a proper funeral for the late Sultan.[2]
    The Istunka tournament was developed in the Ajuran period, and was celebrated subsequently each year during the Somali new year alongside other festivals such as Nowruz. It was not until the Geledi sultanate and the reign of Sultan Ahmed Yusuf that the martial art festival became a centralized tournament with separate teams each supported by an assembly of poets, female vocalists and dance groups throughout the duration of the contest.

  19. Somalis was never islamized also not enslaved they accept Islam peacefully before arabs do research before doing something ur vedio just deserves dislike and I unsubscribe ur channel bcz of ur fake information

  20. You claim to be a history channel. But you are lying about Somali people’s history by claiming we were enslaved. there are proves for Somalis werent enslaved or colonised by Arabs
    Yet you can’t even substantiate your claim. What an embarrassment you are. Unsubscribed.

  21. @almuqaddimah. Since you know that the actions of these people had nothing to do with Islam, what is THE POINT of this video??? You are just making non muslims think that this is what Islam says to do. AND WORSE you dont even MENTION this. YOU DONT EVEN MENTION IN ONE SENTENCE THAT THIS IS NOT WHAT ISLAM TEACHES!! CANT YOU SEE THAT YOURE CAUSING HARM AND HATE MORE THAN ANYTHING ELSE WITH YOUR STUPID LITTLE VIDEO?? CANT YOU SEE THAT YOURE CREATING A PROBLEM. AT LEAST FREKEN MENTION IT IF YOURE GONNA DO A VIDEO ABOUT IT!!!! OR DO YOU NOT AGREE MR.SMARTY PANTS HISTORIAN!!!!!!!!!!

  22. The Bible indicates the first slaves were women taken by force by Cain and Lemech as wives. Then the Slavs, a white race, where the word 'slave' comes from.

    The black man, Nimrod, enslaved the whole known world and forced them to build the bulworks in Kush.

    After that, slaves were taken during military campaigns. Young David agrees with the giant, Golieth, that whoever lost would be the slave of the other.

  23. Slavery is very bad in every culture in my opinion. I just find it funny how the world thinks that it was only Europeans who participated in the slave trades. They never wanna aknowledge that other countries on different continents were involved in these slave trades.

  24. One thing I would like to add about slaves ….in Islamic world many generals were slaves like Musa bin naseer Tariq bin Ziad ..qabcha . Ayaz of gazna ..harsama of Haroon Rasheed .serosh of bagdad we did also have slave dynasty as well mamlukes and dehli dynasty of altuamish ….slavery is bad … better amount you is one treat your women and slaves with kindness it is better to free them …prophet pbuh….

  25. If the muslims applied the law of our beloved prophet Muhammad saw then we would conquer the world without any fighting they forgot that Billal was a slave and bought to be freed and many more like him real islam is merciful towards every men doesn't mater your race colour or what you are born into . muslims destroyed them self by being corrupted

  26. Just to clear some points; slavery has nothing to do with the skin color…. anyone could end up being a slave in those days

  27. Somalis were never enslaved
    If anything
    Bantu slavery and oromo slaves were used in somalia up until the 19th century
    The italians ended the trade in somalia

    Search up ibn battutas description of 12th century somalia and see for yourself

    The ruling sultan was a somali
    A dark skinned man who spoke both mogadishan (somali) and arabic in equal skill
    The ajuraan even defeated portugal and the adal invaded 3/4 of ethiopia
    If anything thousands of oromo and habesha slaves were captured by somalis
    Imam ahmed gurey annihilated the highlands
    Slaughtering thousands of habesha
    Even till 19th century they do not forget ahmed gureys futuh al habesh

    Somalis were never slaves

  28. So if you are African and muslim you we're enslaved that is what this video is about so because somalis are muslims I'm not surprised the hate on somalis and there religion woow

  29. I guess that blacks should ask Arabs to pay reparations for slavery as well just like they’re asking white people to pay it in America when shit like this happened over couple hundred years ago

  30. Sure ,,how do you think so many black people ended up in north africa?check the dna of egypt,it started arriving after arabs invaded in the 6th century,prior to this,ancient egypt didnt have a very positive view on southern people,the indian ocean trade sold more souls than the atlantic trade,all this ends up by being hate speech and politically incorrect,fact

  31. When you hear ARAB, immediately you think muslim,sooo wrong coz nabi mohammad s.w.s was against slavery and bilal is proof,ARABS other name is EVIL,NOT MUSLIM

  32. In christian history the whole people used to be slaves. Feudalism.. Only kings and land lords and barbaric crusaders and church priests use to lie to people selling forgiveness with gold instade of asking God directly! About America history is a hole different story. Christopher Columbus killed natives and bringing African slaves throw half million in ocean. Forget about KKK?
    Also Portagese and french have the worst history ever

  33. He is a liar fake Arab. Bitch you will pay. One. Day. Bitch Arab. Mother fuckers. Fake. Son. Bitch. Bi. Understand. Why you doing. This. Vidoes. We are gona expose you soon I. hate arabs. Realy. Fake bastards

  34. Hello, must read books by, Authors. Dr. John Alembillah Azumah, Dr. Claud Anderson.
    Dr. Tidiane N'diaye. People read your Fucking History.

  35. Anyone one who says islam is racist should know that Muhammeds second wife was a Black woman from Abyssinia who used to be a slave.
    "There is no difference between an arab and a non arab except in piety" -Muhammed pbuh

  36. Use ur heads ppl dont fall for the bait they divide us to make us weak.They use color,religion,etc to conquer us it is a distraction.Stop looking at each other and lets watch them as they destory are minds and children for generations none of u are fools ur just not paying attn.You all have enemies that u have no real problem with the problem is THEM!
    THIS HAS NOTHING TO DO WITH RACE OR RELIGION.We live in a controlled environment and u didn't even notice.You better step outside the box or continue to be brainwashed.Did anyone even check out this channel first?Check it out this channel has the same channel in several languages I never seen that before they pushing this thing heavy

  37. Al-Muqadimmah, i really like you, but you need to get your facts straight. This slave trade wasn't Arab-dominated. We Somalis were not victims, rather we were (unfortunately) some of the biggest slave-owners, as we sold non-Muslim Africans. Calling us slaves, would be like saying Brits were slaves in the Transatlantic Slave trade.

    You're making it look like Africans were all victims, and non-Africans all the villains, when it was Africans who sold Africans.

  38. Skimmed through this until I heard the word Somalis. The newest trend amongst Arab-males who go from SELLING THEIR ASSES TO WHITE MAN ACROSS EU-HIGHWAYS to GOSSIPING ON YOUTUBE
    1. Somalis do not look like that. 2. Somali history is well known and taught in Somali schools.

  39. Can I re-upload this to my channel with a link to your channel? I made 3 videos on this:
    Part 1:
    Part 2:
    Part 3:

  40. Those so called slaves. ( blacks not the African.)are the Biblical Israarlites.
    Now when the God of them slaves return . There will be Hell to pay.
    By your omission you have them. A lie don't care how you tell it. Africans sold Israelites to Arabs.

  41. How come the Europeans stopped this practise even at our cost of practising it and does it still exist in our midst like Mauritania and Libya allegedly ?

  42. That was a very good video. It didn't pull any punches.
    It's interesting to see how different cultures justify racism in the comments section. A racist douche is a racist douche anywhere in the world.

  43. Your artwork is amazing The resson i unsubscribed to this Channel was not Beacuse the historical mistake but Beacuse you one said on your video that “the prophet could write and read” and now I watch this video and j find so many historical mistakes. Please get your info from islamic books not westerners !

    Somalis were never slaves , we inslaved Bantus from inland Africa and sold them at the coast to Arabs !

  44. Somalis were never enslaved,, they (Somalis) brought in bantu slaves from west Africa. To lie and say Somali people were ever enslaved is ignorant, extremely ignorant.

  45. Their prophet
    (Muhammad) was a renown racist as he called Ethiopians raisin heads, killed those who said he was black, enforced the enslavement of africans and took the manhood of african men. As far as to say that the devil was the likeness of a sturdy blackman. Thats why i dont understand why black people become apart of islam

  46. The somalis have never been slaves for anyone. Before and after the Islam. We had our own kingdoms and can you show us where you got this information and if it's right or not.

  47. Please before making videos come it with backup research and research with resources. This video is made out off with fake news . Somalis were never enslaved we had our own kingdoms #VivaSomalia 🇸🇴🇸🇴🇸🇴🇸🇴🇸🇴🇩🇯🇸🇴🇩🇯🇩🇯🇩🇯🇩🇯🇸🇴🇸🇴🇸🇴🇸🇴🇸🇴🇸🇴🇸🇴🇩🇯🇩🇯🇩🇯🇸🇴🇸🇴🇸🇴

  48. This is all made up…please stop corrupting history for some views smh. You have no knowledge of Islamic history what so ever.

  49. “Saudi Arabia itself is still said to be home to slavery”. Now how is that when slavery is abolished? You couldn’t do the video without hating on Saudi Arabia?? “Still said”, What kind of information is that!

  50. You are misleading the people!
    Somalis were never Slaves and if you don’t Stop misguiding people, we’re all going to report your video!
    Please if you’re Somalis or anyone who knows the true history of Somalis please Report this video!!?

  51. I investigated your claim about this letter written in 1842 to the then ruler of Morocco..and during this investigation both the Moroccan as well as the British government deny such letter ever existed let alone have ever been written,the British government documents all correspondence between states from centuries ago,yet your blatant fabricated so called piece of historical fact turns out to be a very poor attempt at distorting history as the world's historians know it.throughout your poorly made video you have not quoted one historical factual reference point for any academic research that can verify your attempt at distorting the truth..also the MIS pronounced made up Arab names you concocted do not show up in any of the world's historical authorities.
    Frankly speaking I do not see how you can be at peace with yourself at such an embarrassing attempt at producing a below D class attempt of producing a cartoon of a so called documentary.
    Below are some of the world's most renowned scholars on Islam, the maghrib and middle East..who blatantly do not agree with your lies as their academic and scholarly research and writings show.
    My advice to you is go and get yourself some basic high school education,maybe then you'll have a more honest approach to things in life…how sad.
    Albert hourani
    Joe beinani
    Bernard Lewis
    Tom segav
    Martin Gilbert
    Micheal oran
    Elia kedourie
    Francis fukayama
    Ilan pappe
    Maher charif
    Richard bulliet
    Rachid Khalidi
    Sulaiman mousa
    Micheal yalpp
    Avi shliam
    David ayalon
    Glen bowersock
    Walter laqueur….
    And many many others (29 in total to be precise)..who all are top professors and historians on middle Easter studies and on the Islamic faith in that region…WHO ALL REFUTE YOU BOGUS CLAIM…
    Now please provide us with some accredited academics who can support your blatant made up claims.
    You will not find ONE.
    ☹️☹️☹️JESUS CHRIST☹️☹️☹️☹️sadly…

  52. it is the most inaccurate video I've ever seen, Slavery existed yes but it was not a racial thing, and a slave can be free and can a be any thing from a solider to a king, from different races and skin colors.

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